Trees of the Andes


A list for identifying the trees of the Andes.  Information and species to be added as we learn them.  Use the ctrl+f function to search trees by name.  Click photos to enlarge.

Categories
3. Other Andean trees


Legume trees
Guama - inga edulis legume tree south america arbol leaves pods leguminoso
Guama - inga edulis
large edible pods, reforestation pioneer
Molina, Dividivi – caesalpinia spinosa - legume tree south america arbol leaves pods
Molina, Dividivi – caesalpinia spinosa
Chachafruto - erythrina edulis - legume tree south america arbol leaves edible pods
Chachafruto - erythrina edulis
large edible pods, a permaculture plant of the Incas
Chocho – erythrina rubrinervia - legume tree south america arbol leaves pods
Chocho – erythrina rubrinervia
Aliso (alder) – alnus acuminata -  legume tree south america arbol leaves pods leguminoso reforestation
Aliso (alder) – alnus acuminata
fast-growing pioneer for reforestation, 
fodder and firewood for natural farming in the Andes 
Mata Ratón - gliricidia sepium - legume tree south america arbol leaves pods leguminoso live fences
Mata Ratón - gliricidia sepium
Can be coppiced and grows easily from cuttings,
used for live fences, reforestation, and soil building for
my Permaculture Projects.
Poultice for antibacteria.
Saman - albizia saman - legume tree south america arbol leaves pods leguminoso
Saman - albizia saman
Casco de vaca - bauhinia picta - legume tree south america arbol leaves pods leguminoso pink purple flowers
Casco de vaca - bauhinia picta

Guandul - cajanas cajan -  legume tree south america arbol leaves pods leguminoso yellow flowers
Guandul - cajanas cajan
Fast-growing shrub Juan uses to build Vida del Bosque

Trees with North American relatives

Pino chaquiro (chaquiro pine) – retrophyllum rospiglosii - colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark conifer
Pino chaquiro (chaquiro pine) – retrophyllum rospiglosii 
Pino Colombiano (colombian pine) – podocarpus oleifolius - colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Pino Colombiano (colombian pine) – podocarpus oleifolius
Roble (andean oak) – quercus humboltii - colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark acorn nuts
Roble (andean oak) – quercus humboltii
Sauce (willow) - Salix humboltiana - colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Sauce (willow) - Salix humboltiana
Cedro negro (walnut) - juglans neotropico - colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark nuts
Cedro negro (walnut) - juglans neotropico
Caucho del Tequendama (fig) – Ficus tenquendamae - large colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Caucho del Tequendama (fig) – Ficus tenquendamae
Cerezo (cherry) – prunus serótina colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Cerezo (cherry) – prunus serótina 


Raque - Vallea stipularis colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Raque - Vallea stipularis
fast-growing pioneer
Mano de oso – oreopanax floribundum colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark bear hands
Mano de oso – oreopanax floribundum
Reforestation pioneer planted
along Bogota's streams.
Yarumo – cecropia angustifolia colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark single trunk
Yarumo – cecropia angustifolia
Hollow trunks host beneficial ant colonies, a symbiotic
relationship learned at Kasaguadua Nature Reserve.
Cedro – cedrea montana colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Cedro – cedrea montana
Cruceto – randia aculeta colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Cruceto – randia aculeta
Jagua – calatola costaricensis colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Jagua – calatola costaricensis
Arrayan – myrcianthes leucoxyla colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Arrayan – myrcianthes leucoxyla
Borrachero – brugmansia arbórea colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Borrachero – brugmansia arbórea
Tibar – escallonia paniculata colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark red
Tibar – escallonia paniculata
Guayadin de Manzales – lafoensia acuminata colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Guayadin de Manzales – lafoensia acuminata


Palma de cera – ceroxylon quindiuense colombia andes tree arbol palm palma leaves
Palma de cera – ceroxylon quindiuense
Magle – escallonia pendula colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Magle – escallonia pendula
Cariseco – billia rosea colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Cariseco – billia rosea
Sangregado – crotón bogotanus colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Sangregado – crotón bogotanus
Climax overstory species of Andean cloud forests.
Azuceno de monte – Posoqueria latifolia colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Azuceno de monte – Posoqueria latifolia
Gurrubo – solanum psychotrioides colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Gurrubo – solanum psychotrioides
Juco – spirotheca codazziana colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Juco – spirotheca codazziana 
Cachitos – styloceras laurifolium colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Cachitos – styloceras laurifolium
Corono – xylosma spiculifera colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Corono – xylosma spiculifera
 Azuceno amarillo – posoqueria sp. colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Azuceno amarillo – posoqueria sp. 
Alcaparro – senna viarum colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Alcaparro – senna viarum

Amarrabollos – meriania nobilis colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Amarrabollos – meriania nobilis 
Cordoncilla - piper bogotense colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Cordoncilla - piper bogotense
Reforestation pioneer in 
Cloud Forests of Zapatoca
Gaque - clusia multiflora colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Gaque - clusia multiflora
Transplanted for reforestation in
Cloud Forests of Zapatoca
Cajeto – citbarexylum subflavescens colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Cajeto – citbarexylum subflavescens
Manguito – mauria puberula colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Manguito – mauria puberula 
Motilon – hyeronima colombiana colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Motilon – hyeronima colombiana
Falso pimiento – shinus molle colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Falso pimiento – shinus molle 
Albahaca morada – ocimum sanctum colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Albahaca morada – ocimum sanctum
Arbol de hierro – metrosideros excelsa colombia andes tree arbol leaves red flowers
Arbol de hierro – metrosideros excelsa
Chilco colorado – escallonia paniculata colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Chilco colorado – escallonia paniculata
Guayacan armarillo - tabebuia chrysantha colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark  yellow
Guayacan armarillo - tabebuia chrysantha

Ceiba - ceiba pentandra colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark spiky swollen trunk
Ceiba - ceiba pentandra
Arboloco - smallanthus pyramidalis colombia andes tree arbol leaves bark
Arboloco - smallanthus pyramidalis


Other Andean Plants

Bromelia spp. - epiphyte plant growing in canopy tree
Bromelia spp.
Genus of epiphytes that grow symbiotically on trees,
such as at Kasaguadua Nature Preserve
Fique - furcraea andina plant firebreak colombia andes water thread needle
Fique - furcraea andina
Local variety of agave grown as firebreaks

Laurel - ocotea infrafuveolata
Aro
Manchador
Cucharo

Higuerilla - ricinus communis
oil from seeds can coat and protect wood,



See my guide on How to Identify a Region's Trees, and
-Trees of the Bahamas
-Trees of New Orleans
-Trees of Mexico

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