Trees of the Bahamas


All photos taken by yours truly, after about two hours walking around New Providence and The Retreat National Park.  Check out my methods for identifying these trees at How to Identify a Region's Trees.

Thanks to rangers at The Retreat National Park for the info sheet, pictured above.
Also thanks to the members of the Tree Identification Facebook group.


Artocarpus altilis (Breadfruit) pacific ocean tree leaves big green round fruit
Artocarpus altilis (Breadfruit)
non-native.
Bauhinia blakeana, legume tree leaves
Bauhinia blakeana
Bursera simaruba (Gumbo Limbo) bahamas tree caribbean leaves
Bursera simaruba (Gumbo Limbo)
Resprouts readily from cuttings,
used as live fences.
Caesalpinia ciliata (Nickarbean) legume tree round pods
Caesalpinia ciliata (Nickarbean)
Callistemon citrinus (Bottlebrush) tree australia puffy red flowers
Callistemon citrinus (Bottlebrush)
non-native.
Cassia bicapsularis legume tree yellow flowers
Cassia bicapsularis
Casuarina equisetifolia (Ironwood) invasive tree needles
Casuarina equisetifolia (Ironwood)
Non-native invasive, 
introduced by British as windbreak between plantations. 
Now known to displace understory natives
 and therefore cause erosion of beaches.

Ceiba pentandra (Kapok) tree south america Caribbean spiky fat swollen trunk
Ceiba pentandra (Kapok)
Coccoloba diversifolia (Pigeon plum) bahamas caribbean tree fruits
Coccoloba diversifolia (Pigeon plum)
Coccoloba uvifera (Sea grape) tree south central america caribbean bahamas tree shrub fruit wide leaves
Coccoloba uvifera (Sea grape)
Cocos nucifera coconut palm caribbean ocean tree
Cocos nucifera (Coconut)
Delonix regia (Royal Poinciancia) legume tree small leaves long pods red flowers
Delonix regia (Royal Poinciancia)
non-native.
Ficus aurea (Strangler fig) tree roots
Ficus aurea (Strangler fig)
Guaiacum sanctum (Holywood) Bahamas national tree leaves yellow flowers caribbean
Guaiacum sanctum (Holywood)
Now a protected species,
once cut extensively for its timber (lignum vitae).
National tree of the Bahamas.
Haematoxylum brasiletto (Brasiletto) tree leaves caribbean bahamas
Haematoxylum brasiletto (Brasiletto)
Now a protected species,
once cut extensively for use in dyes and tea.
Metopium toxiferum (Poisonwood) tree toxic poisonous leaves caribbean florida bahamas
Metopium toxiferum (Poisonwood)
Nectandra coriacea (Lancewood) tree leaves berries caribbean bahamas
Nectandra coriacea (Lancewood)
Nerium oleander (Oleander) tropical tree leaves pink flowers asia invasive
Nerium oleander (Oleander)
non-native
Prosopis juliflora (mesquite) legume tree small leaves white flowers
Prosopis juliflora (Mesquite)
Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree) leaves caribbean bahamas
Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree)
Syagrus romanzoffiana (Queen Palm) palm tree red berries bahamas caribbean
Syagrus romanzoffiana (Queen Palm)
Thespesia populnea (Indian Pulp Tree) leaves heart spade shaped
Thespesia populnea (Indian Pulp Tree)
non-native.
Jatropha multifida (Coral plant) toxic plant shrub caribbean florida bahamas leaves marijuana
Jatropha multifida (Coral plant)
Plumeria obtusa tree leaves shrub leaves bahamas caribbean
Plumeria obtusa
Tamarindus indica (Tamarind) legume tree pods seeds yellow flowers leaves
Tamarindus indica (Tamarind)
Terminalia catappa (Indian almond) tree tropical leaves invasive
Terminalia catappa (Indian almond)
non-native.
Cedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) tree caribbean leaves tropical bahamas
Cedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)
Valuable timber.
Clusia major (Autograph tree) leaves shrub tree tropical bahamas caribbean florida
Clusia major (Autograph tree)
Albizia kolkora (Kolkora mimosa) legume tree white flowers leaves
Albizia kolkora (Kolkora mimosa)
non-native.
Genipa clusiifolia (Seven-year apple) tree tropical florida bahamas caribbean leaves
Genipa clusiifolia (Seven-year apple)


Pseudobombax ellipticum (Shaving brush tree)


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